Turkey is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, parliamentary republic with a diverse cultural heritage. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Greece to the west; Bulgaria to the northwest; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. The Aegean Sea is to the west, the Black Sea to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. The Bosphorus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles, which together form the Turkish Straits, divide Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia. Turkey's location has given it geopolitical and strategic importance throughout history.
Metrology in Turkey
TÜBİTAK National Metrology Institute (TÜBİTAK UME) is a research and development institute that operates under the umbrella of the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK).
The institute aims to ensure the reliability of all measurements conducted in Turkey, to make provisions for the integration of these measurements into the international system and to develop existing and new measurement technologies, thereby establishing the national measurement system required for ensuring the accuracy of measurements used in commerical and industrial settings and which contributes to equity in national and international trade, increases in the quality of Turkish industrial products and Turkey’s scientific and technological development.
Towards these aims, the institute develops and maintains national measurement reference standards and establishes their traceability to SI units which are then disseminated to the spheres of industry, science and research. The institute, which acts as the reference for measurements conducted in Turkey and is the highest national authority in this field, cooperates with the other divisons of TÜBİTAK and national and international organizations and trains both its own research and technical personnel and those of other establishments that are active in the areas of measurements, testing, analyses, production control and metrology.
"To conduct research and development in the area of metrology towards the establishment and of uniformity and reliability in measurements through the development, improvement,
maintenance and dissemination of internationally accepted reference measurement standards and techniques for the purpose of contributing to the nation's quality of life and economic competitiveness."
"To become a worldwide solution provider in the area of metrology"